Understanding the Root Causes of Back Pain and When to Seek Expert Help


Back pain is a prevalent issue that affects millions of people worldwide. From mild discomfort to debilitating agony, back pain can significantly impact one's quality of life. While occasional discomfort may resolve on its own, persistent or severe back pain warrants attention from medical professionals, such as Dr. Sandeep B.V., a renowned neuro and spine surgeon in Bangalore. In this blog, we delve into common causes of back pain and discuss when it's essential to consult a specialist like Dr. Sandeep B.V.

Understanding the Anatomy of the Back:

Before exploring the causes of back pain, it's crucial to understand the intricate anatomy of the back. The back comprises bones, muscles, ligaments, and nerves, all working together to support the body's structure and facilitate movement. The spine, consisting of vertebrae stacked upon each other, provides stability and flexibility. Any disruption or damage to these structures can lead to back pain.

Common Causes of Back Pain:

  1. Muscle Strain: Overstretching or tearing of muscles and ligaments due to sudden movements, heavy lifting, or poor posture can cause muscle strain, resulting in localized pain and stiffness.
  2. Herniated Disc: A herniated or slipped disc occurs when the soft inner core of a spinal disc protrudes through the tough outer layer, often pressing on nearby nerves and causing sharp, shooting pain along with numbness or weakness in the legs.
  3. Degenerative Disc Disease: With age, the spinal discs gradually lose moisture and elasticity, leading to degeneration and subsequent pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.
  4. Spinal Stenosis: This condition involves the narrowing of the spinal canal, causing compression of the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in pain, numbness, and weakness, especially in the legs.
  5. Osteoarthritis: Degenerative joint disease can affect the spine, leading to the breakdown of cartilage between vertebrae, inflammation, and bone spurs, causing pain and stiffness.
  6. Scoliosis: An abnormal sideways curvature of the spine, scoliosis can cause back pain, uneven shoulders or hips, and difficulty breathing in severe cases.
  7. Trauma or Injury: Accidents, falls, or sports-related injuries can cause fractures, sprains, or strains in the back, leading to acute or chronic pain.
  8. Poor Posture: Prolonged sitting, standing, or incorrect lifting techniques can strain the back muscles and contribute to chronic pain and discomfort over time.

When to See a Specialist:

While many cases of back pain resolve with rest, gentle exercise, and over-the-counter pain medications, certain symptoms warrant prompt evaluation by a specialist like Dr. Sandeep B.V. Consider seeking medical attention if you experience:

  • Persistent or worsening pain that lasts more than a few weeks.
  • Pain that radiates down the legs, accompanied by numbness, tingling, or weakness.
  • Difficulty walking, standing, or performing daily activities.
  • Bowel or bladder dysfunction along with back pain.
  • History of cancer, osteoporosis, or recent trauma.
  • Fever, unexplained weight loss, or night sweats along with back pain.

Why Choose Dr. Sandeep B.V.:

Dr. Sandeep B.V. is a highly skilled and experienced neuro and spine surgeon based in Bangalore. With a dedication to providing personalized care and utilizing advanced surgical techniques, Dr. Sandeep specializes in diagnosing and treating a wide range of spinal conditions, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, and spinal deformities. His compassionate approach, coupled with state-of-the-art facilities, ensures optimal outcomes for patients suffering from back pain.


Back pain is a common problem that can arise from various underlying causes, ranging from muscle strain to degenerative conditions of the spine. While minor discomfort can often be managed with conservative measures, persistent or severe pain requires expert evaluation and treatment. If you're experiencing debilitating back pain or concerning symptoms, don't hesitate to consult a specialist like Dr. Sandeep B.V. for comprehensive care and effective solutions tailored to your needs. Your back health is paramount, and seeking timely intervention can help restore comfort and mobility, allowing you to live life to the fullest.

Dr Sandeep